History of Mixed Martial Arts

The historical background of MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) goes back to the Greek period

There was an old Olympic battle brandish called as Pankration which had components of a mix of catching and striking abilities. Afterward, this game was passed on to the Romans.

The lessons of out of date Greek Pankration spread to India by virtue of Alexander the Great and his penchant for selecting contenders as warriors because of their quality and fight data. A Buddhist monk experiencing India got on parts of Pankration and passed on that data to China, where it birthed Asian aggressive system, for instance, kung fu, judo, and karate. As people ventured into new landscapes, they took these articulations and in view of them, as often as possible making another style or sort of military craftsmanship. For example, a master in judo dared to all aspects of the globe and ended up in Brazil to spread his lessons, an exhibit that delivered the forte of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. As aggressive system spread, so did mixed style contentions. Habitually a specialist of one military workmanship tried a master of a substitute one for outrageous gloating rights. These mixed style competitions happened worldwide for many years, at last expanding remarkable reputation in the United States. Individuals in these competitions picked up from their foes and began to comprehend that in order to wind up recognizably adjusted warriors, they should think any fierce artistic work that could give them an edge in the redirection. For example, if a kickboxer was composed with a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu proficient, the kickboxer would comprehend that he should end up being more gifted at securing takedowns, in this way inciting him to plan with Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu contenders. (Jiu-Jitsu ground doing combating combines distinctive convenience holds, for instance, joint and weight jolts and stiflers.) From that point forward, contentions were no longer between contenders who focused on a specific military workmanship yet between two mixed hand to hand battling contenders. Pankration, which abstract signifies 'all drive', is a blend of wrestling and boxing. It was an unsafe game, in which everything was allowed aside from gnawing, gouging (cutting with your finger in your rival's eye, nose or mouth) and assaulting the private parts.adroit

The idea of joining the components of a few hand to hand fighting was advanced in the late 1960s by Bruce Lee with his method of Jeet Kune Do. Bruce Lee trusted that the best candidate isn't any boxer or judo-warrior or karate-contender. The best contender was one who could adjust to any fighting style.

The famous match of Muhammad Ali versus Antonio Inoki was fought in Japan in the time of 1976. It wound up in a draw as them two declined to take after each other's style. In the battle, Ali's legs were severely hurt and he was hospitalized for three days.

Since the establishment of UFC 1 and shoot fighting and so forth, the views of MMA have changed a significant amount. The meeting of people came to find out about the battling styles and saw the risk and needed more sensible standards. This recognition savageness and the complaint was to be changed and MMA must be perceived as a true game.



Strategies in Mixed Martial Arts MMA

The Strategies in Mixed Martial Arts MMA

The Strategies in Mixed Martial Arts(MMA) combat is divided into three broad phases or categories namely:-
1. Striking  
2. Standing Grappling 
3. Ground fighting 
*Striking techniques include punches, kicks, elbow strikes, knee strikes and headbutts.
*Standing Grappling techniques includes shoot (single leg, double leg etc), clinch holds ( lateral hold, inside trip etc) 
*Groundwork techniques include position fighting, pin holds submission attack, defenses, striking attacks etc.

As the competition has become tougher and the spirits went higher, the fighters these days cross-train themselves in a variety of style to remain effective and counter their opponent's strength during all phases of a bout. Some of the strategies used by fighters are as follows:-



GROUND-AND-POUND MMA



The Ground and Pound (MMA) is mostly used before performing a submissive hold.  The fighters who are skilled in takedowns and submissive holds mostly uses this style. In this style, the opponent is taken to the ground using a throw or takedown, then maintaining a grappling position and then finally striking the opponent with fists, elbows or hammer fists until their opponent is knocked out or submits. It is a very popular tactic among the fighters only due to its effectiveness and reliability. Cain Velasquez, Fedor Emelianenko are few of the most devastating strikers and practitioners of these techniques.
Ground-and-Pound MMA
Ground-and-Pound MMA





SPRAWL-AND-BRAWL MMA



This Sprawl and Brawl (MMA) is used to defend against takedowns. It is a stand-up fighting strategy that avoids ground fighting and consists of effective stand-up striking. The style is mostly practiced by kickboxers, karate fighters and boxers to avoid takedowns. In Amateur leagues, the  Sprawl-and-brawl is mostly practiced. A few examples are Chuck Liddell, Mark Hunt, Junior dos Santos, Andrei Arlovski etc.



Sprawl-And-Brawl MMA


SUBMISSION-SEEKING MMA



In Submission Seeking (MMA), the opponent is taken to the ground through takedowns or throw and then forcing the opponent to submit with the help of a submissive hold. Grapplers try to attain the dominant position, while others may resort to other positions and find them more comfortable. Most of the disciplines like judo, sambo, catch wrestling, Brazilian jiu-jitsu etc., considers submission as an essential and integral part in the combat. These strategies were popularized by notable fighters like Ken Shamrock and Royce Gracie.

Submission Seeking MMA
Submission Seeking MMA




SCORE-ORIENTED MMA


The Score Oriented (MMA) uses takedowns for scoring purpose only by the fighters allowing the opponent to continue the fight. The tactic is utilized by fighters who prefer stand-up fights or by those who have a strong background in wrestling. All score oriented fighters have to master defense techniques and avoid takedowns to win the fight based on the decision.
Score-Oriented MMA

Score-Oriented MMA




Women's Mixed Martial Arts


In Women's Mixed Martial Arts, there has been a growing awareness of women

Women have stepped out and proved themselves in every field and also in Women Mixed Martial Arts.  So how can MMA be left behind? There are many women fighters like Gina Carano, Megumi Fuji, Miesha Tate and many other personalities who are very popular. Their increasing popularity has led to increasing awareness of this sport. 


HISTORY OF WOMEN'S MMA



In the history of Women's MMA, Female competition has been documented since the 1990s in Japan.  The only major mixed martial arts all-female promotional competition was the Smack Girl Competition formed in 2001. It was influenced from kickboxing and female professional wrestling. There were many other successful female organizations of Japan promoting mixed martial arts among women. Also, there has been many competitions in U.S.A as well like International fighting championships, SuperBrawl, Rage in the Cage, King of the Cage etc. However,  the first recorded female competition was aired on March 28, 1997. After this, more coverage came from many organizations which invited women to compete. Female competitions were most likely found in minor local promotions outside U.S.A and Japan. Finally, women were included in UFC as well and the credit for women fighting in UFC solely goes to Ronda Rousey.



RULES FOR WOMEN IN MMA



Due to safety concerns, the rules for MMA has always been adjusted for female competitions. There are many competitions like ReMix in Japan, where the ground-and-pound was prohibited and a twenty seconds ground fighting time limit was featured. Later, the limit was extended to thirty seconds in Smackgirl. Finally, in 2008 the rule was abolished. The rule differed from men in terms of weight classification and weight limits as well. Also, chest and top protector is a must for women, while men are forbidden both. On the other hand, men must wear groin protector which is forbidden for women.


Some of the renowned women fighters in MMA are Ronda Rousey, Cat Zingano, Sarah Kaufman, Jessica Aguilar, Alexis Davis, Jessica Eye, Marloes Coenen etc.



Fighting Style in Mixed Martial Arts MMA

Fighting Style in Mixed Martial Arts MMA


 The fighting style in Mixed Martial Arts MMA is very popular. Each fighter with different fighting styles can fight in MMA whether the fighter is from boxing field or wrestling field, what he have to do is striking his best fighting style in a fight as MMA is an activity pressed game loaded with striking and hooking strategies from an assortment of battle games and hand to hand fighting. There are many fighting styles in MMA which are as follows:



Fighting Style in Mixed Martial Arts MMA


1. Boxing Style

2. Muay Thai

3. Karate Style

4. Sanshou/ Sanda Style

5. Wrestling and Catch Style

6. Taekwondo Style


7. Judo Style


Boxing Style


Boxing Style is the most popular and widely used combat form in MMA. During a stand-up portion of a fight, boxing punches account for the vast majority of strikes. Many boxing punches represent the most number of knockdowns and knockouts in MMA rivalries.


Numerous parts of boxing like kicks, combinations, and blocking systems like slips and so forth are very profitable to MMA. A few contenders who utilize enclosing MMA are Cain Velasquez, Junior dos Santos, B.J. Penn, Dan Hardy, Nick Diaz, and Shane Carwin.

Here's the best boxing motivation video:



Boxing Style


Boxing Style

Boxing Style

Boxing Style





Muay Thai Style


Muay Thai Style is one of the best techniques for striking in MMA. Its flexibility is its crucial trademark. Kicks, throws, clinch holds and so forth., as per long range, center range and short range! One can take in every one of these procedures in Muay Thai.

As the name specifies, it invented in Thailand. Muay Thai is likewise alluded to as "Art of eight appendages" as it makes utilization of the legs, knees, clinch hands and elbows.

Here's a video of a Muay Thai fighter who fights with his opponent: 


Muay Thai

Muay Thai




Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Style


Brazilian Jiu-jitsu Style is one of the most prominent combat forms which came into limelight in the 1990s. Royce Gracie, a Brazilian jiu-jitsu expert fought and won the first, second and fourth UFCs against much larger opponents who were practicing other forms like boxing, karate, wrestling etc. It is considered a ground-based fighting style along with grappling and has become a key component for MMA fighters. Here's the Brazilian Jiu-jitsu World Championship fight video in which fighters are fighting in a Brazilian Jiu-jitsu style:




brazilian jiu-jitsu style

brazilian jiu-jitsu style



Karate Style

Karate Style is a traditional Japanese system of unarmed combat in which sharp blows and kicks are given to pressure-sensitive points on the body of the opponent. There are various types of karate forms and styles used by MMA fighters, like Kyokushin, Shotokan, Shorin-Ryu, Wado-Ryu etc. These styles especially Kyokushin and other full contact styles have proven to be very effective and lays the foundation for kickboxing and in striking techniques. Some of the famous fighters who practices these styles are St-Pierre, Chuck Liddell, etc. Below is the video of the fighters who used karate in MMA fighting:




Karate Style







Injuries In MMA Fighting


There are many Injuries in MMA fighting a fighter can suffer

During a fight as well during MMA training, fighters may get injured which can be both short term as well long term injuries. Short term injuries. Those injuries which don't cause permanent damage but take time heal are termed as short term injuries. Broken bones, especially of arm, hands, and shins, are most prone to short term injuries. Long term injuries. Those injuries which cause permanent damage and effect fighter even after the injury has been healed and sustained. Fighters may face pain and discomfort for years after injury on areas like cartilage that protects the joint. Also,  concussions that cause loss of consciousness can cause permanent brain damage if left untreated. Here are 15 worst injuries videos in MMA fighting:



DEATHS IN MMA FIGHT

A fighter also suffers death in MMA fight. MMA is one of the violent sports and there have been four records deaths resulting from sanctioned contests and nine deaths resulting from unsanctioned contests. On October 20, 2007, a 35-year-old Sam Vasquez died from an injury sustained in sanctioned mixed martial arts competition. The death was caused due to complications of blunt trauma to the head with subdural hemorrhage. Michael Kirkham, a 30-year-old died two days after a bout in which he lost consciousness when his opponent landed strikes on his head.  The cause of death was listed as "subarachnoid hemorrhage" of the brain.


Deaths in MMA fight




MENTAL HEALTH MMA


Mental health in MMA is psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment. It has been studied and observed that head is the most commonly injured body part. As a result, fighters were observed to have reductions in the size in their hippocampus and thalamus especially in those who have more than six years of ring experience. On the other hand, fighters with more than twelve years of experience have symptoms like memory loss along with reductions in sizes of hippocampus and thalamus.

Rules in Mixed Martial Arts Fighting MMA

The Rules in Mixed Martial Arts MMA

The rules in Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) have changed a lot, since the establishment of UFC 1 and shoot fighting and so forth, The meeting of people came to find out about the fighting styles and saw the risk and needed more sensible standards. This recognition savageness and a complaint were to be changed and MMA must be perceived as a true game.

The new guidelines which were built up incorporated the presentation of weight classes. In MMA, there are 9 distinctive weight classes as indicated by the Unified Rules of Mixed Combative technique (URMMA). These are as follows:


1. Flyweight – Up to 56.7 kg

2. Bantamweight – Up to 61.2 kg
3. Featherweight – Up to 65.8 kg 
4. Lightweight – Up to 70.3 kg 
5. Welterweight – Up to 77.1 kg 
6. Middleweight – Up to 83.9 kg 
7. Light Heavyweight – Up to 93.0 kg 
8. Heavyweight – Up to 120.2 kg 
9. Super Heavyweight – No upper limit


Rules in Mixed Martial Arts Fighting

Rules in Mixed Martial Arts Fighting



FIGHTER'S VICTORY IN MMA



A fighter is victorious in MMA, either by the judges or a stoppage by the refree  in the following cases:

1. If a fighter can't guard himself
2. If the fighter taps out
3. By the fighter specialist if there is some damage
4.  By a contender's corner throwing in the towel
5.  By knockout.


Fighter victory in MMA

Fighter victory in MMA




FIGHTER'S RANKING IN MMA



The fighter's ranking in MMA are as follows:

1. Battle Matrix – The main 250-500 fighters of the world are positioned for each probable divisions of male and female


2. Sherdog – Here, the main 10 fighters worldwide are positioned for the accessible UFC divisions.


3. SB Nation – The main 14 male warriors of the world are positioned here.


4. UFC – The UFC positions the main 15 contenders signed by them according to their headings.



 MMA CLOTHING



The Clothing in MMA is mandatory for both male and female. The male normally wears shorts and nothing else. Female fighters wear shorts and games bras or comparative tops. Both of them need to wear mouth guard as a security measure.


The clothing should be tough, relaxed and adaptable as the contender will utilize his legs a ton. There are a scope of short brands which make MMA clothing and casual wear accessible to general society.


FIGHTING AREA IN MMA



The fighting area in MMA rivalries are held in a ring or a fenced range as indicated by the principles and directions of UFC. On the off chance that fenced, it ought to be round or have at least six sides. On the off chance that confined, it ought to be an octagon molded enclosure (8 sides).

Fighting area in MMA


PROTECTING THE FISTS IN MMA


Protecting the fists in MMA is also mandatory for MMA fighters. To secure the clench hands, little open-fingered gloves were aware so as with reduce the possible outcomes of cuts on clench hands and rather increment the certainty of the contender to strike better prompting an all the more thrilling match.  In the majority of the expert battles, players need to wear 4 oz gloves. In some different styles, beginners need to wear 6 oz gloves for better security of clench hands and wrists. 
Mouthpiece is also used in MMA to protect the fighter's teeth. Fighter's use mouthpiece during competition. It helps in preventing any damage to teeth that's why fighters wear mouthpiece.

protecting the fists in mma


ROUNDS AND TIME LIMIT IN MMA

Rounds and time limit in MMA were established in order to avoid lengthy fights. Every round is five minutes in duration with a one-minute rest period in between rounds. In titles championships, there can be maximum of five rounds. However, in non-title bouts, there can be maximum of three rounds.


KNOCKOUT IN MMA



A Knockout in MMA is considered when an opponent is unable to continue after a physical blow. The time limit is set up in sports like boxing and kickboxing after a Knockout. Once the opponent has fallen to the ground and unable to rise within specific time period then the opponent is awarded knockout victory. However, in MMA championships, there is no time count after a knockout. If a fighter loses consciousness even for a brief moment as a result of legal strikes and wakes up to continue again, even then the fight is stopped and the opponent is awarded KO. In MMA, a fighter can score a KO via submissive grappling as well through ground and pound. Here are top 5 fastest knockouts videos in which Conor McGregor knockouts his contender in MMA:




Knockout in MMA


TECHNICAL KNOCKOUT IN MMA


A Technical Knockout in MMA is considered when as a referee, doctor, a fights corner etc stop the fight at whatever time amid a round in circumstances when a fighter can't guard himself while being over and again struck or when a fighter can't proceed with the match securely because of extreme wounds. A technical knockout is announced fight in following scenarios:- 
1. Corner stoppage-In a few circumstances, the fighter is totally injured and the fighter's corner chooses to surrender for the fighter's sake to keep away from further harm or injuries. 
2. Knockout/losing consciousness- If a fighter is feeling nausea or turns unconscious due to fighter's blow, then the fight is stopped. 
3.  Doctor's stoppage/injury- If the fighter has suffered an injury and cannot continue match safely and needs immediate doctor's attention. 
4. Forfeit- A fighter forfeits the match before the fight begins, in case he is injured. 
5. Disqualification- If a fighter commits a foul or uses illegal actions, then after three warnings the fighter is disqualified. 
6. No contest-  If any of fighter uses illegal actions or both the fighters violate the rules, then a no-contest is given  
7. Retirement- A fight can be stopped if a fighter can no longer fight due to exhaustion or nausea.


MMA SUBMISSION


MMA Submission simply means when a fighter can submit or accept defeat by either tapping on the ground or on the body of the opponent. Also, by saying out loud that he quits. Here are top 20 submissions video in MMA history: 




MMA submission
MMA submission

History of Mixed Martial Arts

The historical background of MMA (Mixed Martial Arts)  goes back to the Greek period There was an old Olympic battle brandish called ...